The ethical question of lab-grown diamonds is a complex one. Many aspects are involved, including environmental impact, costs, and human rights violations in the countries that mine diamonds. These issues are important to consider before deciding on an investment in a diamond. Read on for more information about the pros and cons of lab-grown diamonds.
Despite the high ethical lab diamonds for diamonds, there is an environmental cost associated with diamond mining. The extraction of diamonds from the earth causes mass deforestation and damage to water supplies. In addition, mining causes huge amounts of waste rock to leach into the surrounding ecosystem, destroying the lives of people and wildlife. In addition, diamond mining destroys the habitats of coastal birds and endemic animals.
In fact, the mining process of diamonds creates an environmental threat, causing an average of 4.5 environmental incidents a year. These incidents result in damage to animal, plant, and human life. However, the environmental impact of lab-grown diamonds is negligible compared to the impact of mined diamonds. Moreover, the cost of lab-grown diamonds is far lower, while the quality and clarity remain the same.
Reduce this impact
Mining Ethical Diamonds creates huge amounts of waste, including carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas. A single carat of mined diamonds can emit up to 510 grams of carbon dioxide. In comparison, lab-grown diamonds produce less than half the amount of carbon dioxide. The companies behind De Beers are working to reduce this impact by developing a carbon dioxide-capture process in their mines.
In addition to reducing energy usage, improved plasma density control and refrigeration systems can also help lower the environmental impact of diamond production. Although electricity makes up a small portion of the cost of producing diamonds, it is still a significant factor. Increasing the rate of synthesis means lower energy consumption per carat. This results in more diamonds being produced in the same amount of time.
Human rights violations
A report published by the Kimberley Process Civil Society Coalition alleges human rights violations in diamond-mining areas, including sexual violence, forced labor, and killings. The report also notes the role played by corporate miners in damaging local communities and the environment. The report further alleges that the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme is ineffective in addressing these issues.
Diamonds have been linked to violence and civil wars in conflict zones. They fund armed forces and rebel militias that wage wars in these countries. As a result, human rights abuses in these conflict zones are horrendous. Hundreds of thousands of women and children have been killed, raped, and used as child soldiers.
While the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) aims to end the trade in conflict diamonds, some companies are still not aware of their sources, which means they do not assess the human rights risks involved. Even companies that do have knowledge of their sources are often limited in publishing details of their supply chains. Therefore, it is important for companies to establish robust human rights due diligence policies and make sure that their suppliers meet their requirements.
Despite these precautions, there are still serious human rights abuses associated with diamond mining. The industry creates a large amount of mined waste, and 20 tons of mined waste are produced for one gold ring holding a diamond. Additionally, the mining process is notoriously unsafe, with mining workers not having proper tools and safety equipment.